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    Volume 46
    Issue 2

Hyperaccumulator plant discoveries in the Balkans: accumulation, distribution, and practical applications
Pages 161-178
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    ABSTRACT:  Hyperaccumulator plants are able to tolerate extremely high concentrations of metals/metalloids in the soil in which they grow and to accumulate high concentrations in their shoots. To date, a total of 31 hyperaccumulator plant species have been identified in the Balkans, the centre of diversity and speciation in the European flora which is particularly rich in ultramafic areas. A further 8 species have yet to be confirmed through additional studies. Most of the 31 hyperaccumulator taxa (13 taxa or 41.9%) are species of the genus Odontarrhena, all hyperaccumulating Ni, but concentrations of this element above the hyperaccumulation threshold were also found in the genera Bornmuellera and Noccaea (all Brassicaceae), Orobanche (Orobanchaceae), Centaurea (Asteraceae) and Viola (Violaceae). The existence of hyperaccumulators of Tl and Zn is of particular interest because very few species worldwide hyperaccumulate these elements. Multiple metal hyperaccumulation was found in Noccaea kovatsii, as the hyperaccumulation of Zn was found in this species in addition to Ni, the primary accumulated element. Metal hyperaccumulation is discussed in terms of phylogenetic relationships and species distributions, with special attention to their systematics, the detection and recognition of new hyperaccumulating species and the possibilities for their future practical applications in phytotechnologies.

    KEY WORDS:  hypertolerance, metallophyte, flora, ultramafics, nickel, thallium

Grape stalks as a source of antioxidant and antimicrobial substances and their potential application
Ivana D. RADOJEVIC, Katarina G. MLADENOVIC, Mirjana Ž. GRUJOVIC and Sava M. VASIC
Pages 179-186
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    ABSTRACT:  This research project aimed to analyse the biological potential of aqueous, ethanolic, methanolic, and ethyl acetate extracts of red grape stalks, as well as lyophilised red grape stalks from Krnjevo (Serbia). The concentration of the total phenols and flavonoids, as well as the antioxidant activity of the stalk extracts were measured by means of the spectrophotometric method. In vitro antimicrobial activity of 23 selected species of microorganisms (13 species of bacteria and 10 species of fungi) was evaluated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum microbicidal concentration (MMC). The results indicated that the highest concentration of total phenols was measured in the ethyl acetate extract (60.08 mg GAE/g of extract), while the highest total flavonoid concentration was observed in the acetone extract (34.24 mg RUE/g of extract). The tested extracts showed poor antioxidant activity compared to chlorogenic acid. The acetone extract probably showed the strongest antimicrobial activity due to the high concentrations of phenols and flavonoids. The tested extracts showed a better effect on Gram-positive bacteria than on Gram-negative bacteria. Although grape stalks are a by-product in the wine industry, they are a potential source of natural compounds which can be used for a variety of purposes in many fields ranging from the food industry to medicine.

    KEY WORDS:  bacteria, extracts, flavonoids, fungi,natural preservatives, total phenols

Micropropagation of rare bryo-halophyte Hennediella heimii
Marija V. COSIC, Marko S. SABOVLJEVIC, Beáta PAPP, Zlatko S. GIBA, Jasmina B. ŠINŽAR-SEKULIC, Aneta D. SABOVLJEVIC and Milorad M. VUJICIC
Pages 187-195
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    ABSTRACT:  The rare moss species Hennediella heimii (Pottiaceae) was established in in vitro culture. Various treatments were tested to achieve axenical cultures. The most effective sterilising procedure was NaDCC treatment of sporophytes, keeping the spore viability and giving high disposal of xenic cohabiting organisms. The effects of plant growth regulators were studied regarding new shoot formation, i.e. bud formation on the protonemal filaments and protonemal patch size. Low concentrations of cytokinin and medium concentrations of auxin are shown to increase protonemal patch size and shoot production. Multiplication of H. heimii was observed to occur spontaneously on BCD medium type, but to achieve better and rapid biomass production and development it is suggested to grow it on a BCD medium enriched with auxin and cytokinin combined.

    KEY WORDS:  axenic culture, in vitro, plant growth regulators, mosses, multiplication, development

Established stands of the highly invasive Echinocystis lobata on the Ramsar sites of the southern part of the Pannonian Plain
Pages 197-207
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    ABSTRACT: Monitoring the presence of invasive species in natural wetlands is crucial for numerous reasons, including their negative impact on biodiversity, conservation and the ecosystem services provided by these important fragile areas. The aim of this paper was to investigate the presence and distribution of the highly invasive liana Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber), and to determine its coenological relations with the native plant species in the Ramsar sites of the southern part of the Pannonian Plain (the southeastern part of Central Europe, northern Serbia). We conducted the phytocenological research of the selected protected riparian areas in detail over a six-year period (2011–2015 and 2020). This study revealed the significant presence of the highly invasive species E. lobata in the studied sites. Wild cucumbers were found in 146 plots in four out of the seven investigated areas. Cluster analyses distinguished four groups of relevés dominated by E. lobata, which were described, and their dominant and constant species were identified. Habitat type identification was done, and the habitat preferences of E. lobata were determined. The spatial distribution of the four groups is such that they occur in a number of different habitat types or local communities. The species pool which makes up each of these four groups is thus geographically larger than the local community under study, so we can treat them as independently established and well-defined new community assemblages. Plant communities dominated by the invasive species E. lobata have not been described previously. Therefore, this work provides new data, and contributes to the further research and comparative analyses needed to describe invasive plant communities dominated by wild cucumber. In addition, the identification of habitat types which are most occupied by E. lobata is very important for managers of protected areas, as it allows them to better control and remove this highly invasive species, but also to prevent its further spread.

    KEY WORDS:  allochthonous climber, assembly, habitat type, Pannonian ecoregion, wetlands, wild cucumber

Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity of Trigonella cariensis seeds
Pages 209-216
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    ABSTRACT:  The genus Trigonella (Fabaceae) has been widely used for both culinary and clinical purposes since ancient times. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activities of Trigonella cariensis seeds for the first time. The seeds were collected in the province of Mersin, Turkey. Chemical analyses were performed using chromatographic methods. Fatty acid, tocopherol and sterol analyses were done on hexane extracts and amino acid and mineral analyses were also carried out on the seeds. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were measured by using the Folin-Ciocalteu and Al(NO3)3 methods and in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated via different chemical assays including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazily (DPPH•), cupric reducing antioxidant power (CUPRAC) and 2,2’-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulphonate (ABTS•+) on its 80% methanolic extract. The seeds were shown to contain mainly linoleic, a-linolenic and oleic acids (43.74±0.24%, 18.38±0.45%, and 10.89±0.71%, respectively). The seeds showed high a-tocopherol content (233.54±2.48 mg/100 g). The main sterols were ß-sitosterol, delta-5-avenasterol and campesterol. Na, K, Ca, P, and Mg were the predominant minerals, while glutamic acid, aspartic acid and lysine (5801±0.15, 3629±0.12 and 2062±0.03 mg/100 g, respectively) were determined as the major amino acids in the seeds. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 3.34±0.02 mg GAE/g seed and 0.96±0.09 mg QE/g seed, respectively. The results of the ABTS•+, DPPH• and CUPRAC methods were 43.22±3.14%, 31.15±1.79% and 9.67±0.78 mM AAE/g, respectively. In conclusion, T. cariensis seeds provide nutritional value with a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids, a-tocopherol, ß-sitosterol, some amino acids and minerals and medicinal properties with total phenolic and flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities.

    KEY WORDS:  Trigonella cariensis, chemical composition, fatty acid, amino acid, DPPH, CUPRAC

Juniperus macrocarpa endophytes isolated on standard- and plant extract supplemented-culture media - and evaluation of their antimicrobial activity
Pages 217-227
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the endophytes of Juniperus macrocarpa collected from Çesme in Izmir, Turkey, using a culture-dependent approach and to evaluate their antimicrobial activity for the first time. Since endophytes interact with phytochemicals of the host plant, in addition to the standard culture media, a J. macrocarpa extract supplemented culture media was also used for isolation to enhance the cultivability of the endophytes. Six bacteria out of twelve and three fungi out of seven were isolated from the plant extract supplemented culture media. The genotypic identification of the bacterial and fungal isolates was determined based on 16S rDNA and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequence analysis, respectively. The genus Juniperus, which has ethnopharmacological uses, is rich in phytochemicals with multiple bioactivities. Since Juniperus spp. is listed as a priority natural habitat, it is necessary to find alternative resources that could replace the bioactive compounds of these plants. Endophytes of Juniperus spp. might be good candidates as antimicrobial producers. From this point of view, the antimicrobial activity of the crude fermentation liquid of the J. macrocarpa endophytes, and also aqueous and methanolic extracts of J. macrocarpa, were evaluated using a disc diffusion assay against a panel of test microorganisms, including antibiotic resistant ones. One fungus and seven bacteria showed remarkable antimicrobial activity against at least one test microorganism. These results indicated that some endophytes of J. macrocarpa had antimicrobial properties like their host plant and could substitute these plants as a source of antimicrobials.

    KEY WORDS:  antimicrobial activity, endophytes, Juniperus macrocarpa, plant extract supplemented culture media

Taxonomic significance of pollen morphology of Pterocephalus plumosus (Caprifoliaceae)
Zoya M. TSYMBALYUK, Daniella IVANOVA and Lyudmila M. NITSENKO
Pages 229-238
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    ABSTRACT: Comparative palynological studies of Dipsacaceae s.str. show considerable diversity in the pollen grain morphology of its representatives. The aim of this research was to provide more detailed palynomorphological data on selected taxa whose pollen grains are characterised by tricolpate apertures (Pterocephalus plumosus, Succisa pratensis and Succisella inflexa). The pollen morphology of P. plumosus was studied using both light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The pollen grains are tricolpate, suboblate to prolate; large in size. Their outline in polar view (amb) is subcircular, rarely trilobate. The brevicolpi have a distinct margo and acute ends. The exine sculpture is echinate-microechinate-nanoechinate. The exine structure (columellae) of the pollen grains of P. plumosus, S. pratensis and S. inflexa was analysed for the first time in the current study. Pollen grains in P. plumosus are distinguished by long and dense columellae in the mesocolpia, and longer in the apocolpia. Our new ?alynomorphological data support a close relationship between S. pratensis and S. inflexa by the presence of shorter sparse columellae throughout the pollen exine. The UPGMA dendrogram shows the distinctive morphometric characters of P. plumosus pollen grains, which is thus included as a separate branch.

    KEY WORDS:  pollen sculpture and structure, diagnostic characters, taxonomy, SEM microscopy, UPGMA analysis, Scabioseae

Investigation of phenolic compounds, in vitro antioxidant and enzyme inhibition activities of methanol and aqueous extracts of different parts of Glaucosciadium cordifolium
Nuraniye ERUYGUR, Fatma AYAZ, Yavuz BAGCI, Hamide Filiz AYYILDIZ, Esra Maltas CAGIL, Prairna MALIK and Ahmad ALI
Pages 239-252
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to evaluate the biological potentials and phenolic composition of different parts of Glaucosciadium cordifolium, which is less investigated and known as a wild endemic species to Turkey. The antioxidant activity of the plant was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-Azinobis-(3-Ethylbenzthiazolin-6-Sulfonic Acid) (ABTS), iron chelating capacity, and a ß-carotene / linoleic acid emulsion assay. The total phenol and flavonoid contents of the plant were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. The study of the enzyme inhibition activity of the plant was carried out for acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, a-glucosidase, a-amylase, and tyrosinase. The antiglycation activity of the aqueous extract of the plant was evaluated using established methods such as browning, a Nitroblue-tetrazolium (NBT) assay, the 2,4-dinitrophenyl hydrazine (DNPH) method, a Congo red assay, and fluorescent Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA). The HPLC profiling of the phenolics revealed that 18 standard phenolic compounds were found in different amounts in various extracts of the plant parts. According to our bioactivity results, the methanol extract obtained from the flower parts of the plant contained higher amounts of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, which also demonstrated the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity. In addition, the methanol extracts obtained from the leaves and roots were found to be the most active extracts against the acetylcholinesterase enzyme, as well as moderately active against the tyrosinase enzyme. The antiglycation capacity of the extract followed this order: G. cordifolium leaves > stems > roots > flower. As a result, our study indicated that G. cordifolium extracts have strong antioxidant potential, good enzyme inhibitory effects and antiglycation potential. Further studies on G. cordifolium with in vivo bioassays need to be carried out to seek the importance of the plant in pharmaceutical techniques.

    KEY WORDS:  Glaucosciadium cordifolium, HPLC analysis, antioxidant activity, enzyme inhibition, antiglycation activity

Resorption of N, P and K from the floating and submerged leaves of the aquatic fern Salvinia natans
Lubomír ADAMEC
Pages 253-258
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    ABSTRACT: Nutrient resorption from senescing leaves and shoots decreases the nutrient losses associated with biomass turnover and represents a significant component of mineral nutrient economy. In submerged aquatic plants, N and P resorption efficiencies (REN, REP) from senescing leaves or shoots are high (usually >40% in dry weight, DW), but K resorption efficiency (REK) is usually very low or zero. The free-floating aquatic fern Salvinia natans has a linear, modular shoot structure exhibiting steep growth and a physiological polarity, and consists of oval, floating, natant leaves with photosynthetic functions and thread-like submerged leaves which absorb nutrients. To obtain the basic mineral nutrient characteristics, REN, REP and REK were estimated in the senescent floating and submerged leaves of this species grown in an outdoor culture. The N content in all the leaves was in the range between 1.10–1.42% DW, P 0.33–0.57% DW and K between 4.03–6.20% DW, indicating a partial N growth limitation but a liberal P uptake. Contrary to expectations, the REN values in both types of leaves were relatively low (7–31%), those of REP even negative (-7 to -12%), while the REK values were relatively high (31–44%). These results are in contrast to much higher N and P resorption efficiencies reported in both submerged plants and the similar tropical species S. molesta. The REK values found in S. natans are in accordance with those reported in S. molesta, but are much higher than those in submerged plants. Thus, the submerged leaves (rhizophylls) of the Salvinia species do not behave in the same way as the leaves of higher submerged plants in terms of the K economy.

    KEY WORDS:  heterosporous fern, foliar nutrient content, N, P and K resorption efficiency

The effects of functional microbial agents on the soil microbial communities of high-frigid grassland under desertification in Northwest Sichuan
Xia YUAN, Cuiyu LI, Yi TANG, Zhiyu CHEN and Chunping HUANG
Pages 259-268
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    ABSTRACT: Grassland desertification seriously destroys the structure of the soil microbial communities and further accelerates the deterioration of grassland. In this study, functional microbial agents were sprayed on degraded grasslands and studied by means of real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and high-throughput sequencing methods. The aim was to investigate the effects of microbial agents on the soil microbial community structure and soil remediation functions in different degraded grasslands (LDG: light desertification grassland, MDG: medium desertification grassland, and HDG: heavy desertification grassland). The results showed that after treatment with the microbial agents, bacterial abundance increased by 96.24% (LDG), 95.19% (MDG), and 93.47% (HDG), respectively, and fungal abundance increased by 85.77% (LDG), 95.85% (MDG) and 22.49% (HDG), respectively. Further, with the colonisation and acclimatisation of foreign functional microorganisms, the microbial agents greatly influenced the structure of the soil microbial community, increased the microbial diversity index, and significantly changed the microbial community composition. The application of the microbial agents did not only improve the forage yield and quality, but also guided the soil restoration, improved the soil water content of sandy grassland, adjusted the soil pH, significantly increased the content of soil organic matter, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus, and also inhibited the growth of soil-borne pathogens. Our findings provide new ideas and guidance for the management of degraded grassland.

    KEY WORDS:  Desertification of grassland, soil microbial community, functional microbial agents, remediation, the management of degraded grassland

The anatomy and essential oil composition of the different organs of Pimpinella tragium and P. saxifraga (Apiaceae)
Pages 269-284
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    ABSTRACT: This work was aimed at investigating the anatomy and composition of the essential oils from different organs of two Pimpinella species, P. tragium and P. saxifraga, originating from the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. The results of the analysis of the anatomy of the different organs of P. tragium and P. saxifraga showed that they were very similar in terms of the structure of the roots, stems and petioles. The roots showed a secondary structure and the stems had a primary structure with closed collateral vascular bundles. The petioles were cordatum, ribbed with an adaxial groove, and sparsely covered with short unior bicellular non-glandular trichomes with a pointed top (both species) or with long uniseriate, multicellular, non-glandular trichomes (P. saxifraga). Differences were observed in the anatomy of the leaves and in the indumentum of the fruits. The leaves of P. tragium were isobilateral, while those of P. saxifraga were dorsiventral. The P. tragium fruits were pubescent, covered with numerous, multicellular, uniseriate, straight or curved, gradually acuminate non-glandular trichomes, whereas the fruits of P. saxifraga were glabrous. These differences are of ecological and taxonomic significance. Secretory canals were observed in all the investigated organs of both species. The essential oils, isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts with inflorescences, the roots from the flowering and fruiting period, and the fruits of both species, were analysed by GC-FID/MS. Although P. tragium and P. saxifraga essential oils showed certain differences in qualitative and quantitative patterns, all the oils were characterised by the presence of pseudoisoeugenol type phenylpropanoid epoxy-pseudoisoeugenyl- 2-methylbutyrate, as well as by that of trinorsesquiterpenes pregeijerene, geijerene and trinoranastreptene. In addition, azulenes were present in all the root essential oils, whereas in the majority of the oils from the fruits and flowering aerial parts the common compound was the sesquiterpene ß-bisabolene. The occurrence of phenylpropanoids of pseudoisoeugenol type and geijerenes is important from the chemotaxonomic point of view and confirms them as chemical markers of the Pimpinella species analysed so far.

    KEY WORDS:  vegetative organs and fruit anatomy, secretory canals, trichomes, GC-FID/ MS analysis

A chemometric approach to the headspace sampled volatiles of selected Salvia species from Southeastern Serbia
Emilija KOSTIC, Dušanka KITIC, Maja VUJOVIC, Marija MARKOVIC, Aleksandra PAVLOVIC and Gordana STOJANOVIC
Pages 285-294
Full reference | Abstract | Full text PDF | Supplemental

    ABSTRACT: Headspace sampling is a fast, simple and economical way to prepare plant samples for analysis by gas chromatography. For the first time, the composition of the head space volatiles (HSV) of six Salvia species (S. verticillata, S. glutinosa, S. nemorosa, S. aethiopis, S. amplexicaulis and S. officinalis) in the flowering stage and two (S. glutinosa and S. sclarea) in the fruiting stage from Southeastern Serbia was analysed using the GC-FID-MS technique after headspace sampling. The chemical composition of the highly volatile compounds of the analysed species varies considerably. Monoterpene hydrocarbons represented the dominant class of volatile compounds in all the Salvia species, except for S. sclarea and S. aethiopis. The content of sesquiterpenes was the highest in S. aethiopis (96.9%) and S. glutinosa in the flowering phase (29.5%), while in all the other samples that percentage was below 10%. Oxygenated monoterpenes were the most abundant in S. sclarea, where the main component was oxygenated monoterpene linalyl acetate (97.7%). The main component of S. verticillata was ß-phellandrene, and its content varied depending on the plant location and sampling time. The main component of S. glutinosa in the flowering phase was limonene (16.6%), and in the fruiting phase sabinene (87.1%). Headspace analysis of the volatile components of S. aethiopis was carried out for the first time and the most abundant detected components were sesquiterpenes: (E)- caryophyllene (36.8%), a-copaene (33.4%) and ß-elemene (7.3%). The analysis of the principal components was performed to interpret the grouping patterns, as well as to analyse the similarities and differences between the samples in terms of the composition of the volatile components. The samples were grouped into three clusters. The first cluster consisted of samples of S. verticillata (S1, S4 and S5) from different locations, the second comprised samples of S. glutinosa (S3), S. aethiopis (S8), S. amplexicaulis (S9) and S. officinalis (S10), while samples of S. nemorosa (S7) made up the third cluster. The HS-GC-FID-MS technique can be successfully used for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of volatile compounds of different Salvia species. The obtained results are important for evaluating the possibility of using different types of sage.

    KEY WORDS:  Lamiaceae, HS sampling, PCA, cluster analysis, terpenes

The antioxidant response of Hedera helix leaves to seasonal temperature variations
Pages 295-309
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    ABSTRACT: Seasonal variations in the environment (e.g. of temperature and light intensity) can lead to the excess production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, inducing changes in the permeability of the plant cell membrane and the structure and function of cellular molecules. To address these deleterious effects, plants activate various non-enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants. This study seeks to detect the influence of seasonal variation in Hedera helix (ivy) leaves, collected in Banj brdo (Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina) between December 2017 and November 2018, on oxidative (hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde) and antioxidant (superoxide dismutase, catalase, Class III peroxidases, and phenolic compounds) parameters. During the winter-early spring months (a temperature range of 0.7 to 5.4°C), we detected an increase in the values of all the oxidative and antioxidant parameters, whereas during the spring, summer, and autumn months (a temperature range of 15 to 25°C), the values of most of these parameters fell. However, a peak in the parameter values was detected during June and July 2018, which might be attributable to the influence of the changes in both light intensity and temperature and to the effects of intensive shoot growth. Our results highlight the importance of the antioxidant protection system of H. helix for its acclimation to seasonal variations in the environment, especially temperature.

    KEY WORDS:  ivy leaves, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, natural habitats, adaptation

New records and noteworthy data of plants, algae and fungi in SE Europe and adjacent regions, 9
Marko S. SABOVLJEVIC, Gordana TOMOVIC, Jovana P. PANTOVIC, Sanja Z. DJUROVIC, Uroš BUZUROVIC, Teodor T. DENCHEV, Cvetomir M. DENCHEV, Petya BOYCHEVA, Tsonka DIMITROVA, Aleksandra MARKOVIC, Aneta D. SABOVLJEVIC, Sorin ?TEFANU?, Constantin-Ciprian BÎRSAN, Elvedin ŠABANOVIC, Vladan DJORDJEVIC, Marjan NIKETIC, Sanja ŠOVRAN, Ermin MAŠIC, Dimitar STOYKOV, Beata PAPP, Boris ASSYOV and Monica SLAVOVA
Pages 311-320
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents new records and noteworthy data on the following taxa in SE Europe and adjacent regions: red algae Lemanea fucina and Paralemanea annulata, parasitic fungus Anthracoidea pratensis, saprotrophic fungi Cyathus olla, Massaria campestris, and Xylaria sicula, stonewort Chara canescens, liverworts Gymnomitrion commutatum and Porella baueri, moss Acaulon triquetrum, monocots Anacamptis laxiflora, Cephalanthera damasonium, and Himantoglossum robertianum and dicot Jacobaea othonnae are given within SE Europe and adjacent regions.

    KEY WORDS:  new report, Acaulon triquetrum, Anacamptis laxiflora, Anthracoidea pratensis, Cephalanthera damasonium, Chara canescens, Cyathus olla, Gymnomitrion commutatum, Himantoglossum robertianum, Jacobaea othonnae, Lemanea fucina, Massaria campestris, Paralemanea annulata, Porella baueri, Xylaria sicula, SE Europe

New records and noteworthy data of plants, algae and fungi in SE Europe and adjacent regions, 10
Pages 321-330
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents new records and noteworthy data on the following taxa in SE Europe and adjacent regions: red algae Lemanea rigida and Paralemanea torulosa, mycorrhizal fungi Amanita simulans and Terfezia pseudoleptoderma, parasitic fungus Microbotryum vinosum, saprotrophic fungus Sarcoscypha jurana, stonewort Chara tenuispina, mosses Brachytheciastrum collinum and Meesia longiseta, monocots Dactylorhiza romana and Neotinea maculata and dicots Adenophora liliifolia, Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Tanacetum corymbosum subsp. cinereum are given within SE Europe and adjacent regions.

    KEY WORDS:  new report, Adenophora liliifolia, Amanita simulans, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Brachytheciastrum collinum, Chara tenuispina, Dactylorhiza romana, Lemanea rigida, Meesia longiseta, Microbotryum vinosum, Neotinea maculata, Paralemanea torulosa, Sarcoscypha jurana, Tanacetum corymbosum subsp. cinereum, Terfezia pseudoleptoderma, SE Europe